Coast Metro Math Project

Indigenous Connections

Many teachers across BC are looking for ways to weave Indigenous knowledge and perspectives into their daily classroom experiences. As we design mathematics learning experiences for our students, we can draw upon an understanding of First Peoples Principles of Learning and enact these principles in the learning experiences we plan for our students. These principles can be used to inform instructional and assessment decisions throughout the school year. At other times, and during relevant units of study, we may embed authentic experiences connecting Indigenous knowledge and cultural practices to mathematics.

Please note that in the BC mathematics curriculum there are two specific learning standards that focus on Indigenous connections. These are curricular competency learning standards that develop across K-12:

  • Engage in problem-solving experiences that are connected to place, story, cultural practices, and perspectives relevant to local First Peoples communities, the local community, and other cultures
  • Incorporate First Peoples worldviews and perspectives to make connections to mathematical concepts

In consultation with FNESC, the curriculum writing team decided to have two curricular competency learning standards in every grade the included Indigenous connections, instead of including content standards with Indigenous connections that are contrived, forced, or inauthentic. The elaborations in the mathematics curriculum are meant as suggestions and the Indigenous connections provided often are very specific to a local context. For example, “birch bark biting” is not a cultural practice in coastal First Nations but is provided as an example. Local contexts and practices are intended to be used and many of the resources below will provide ideas for mathematics lessons and units of study with Indigenous connections.

Begin by contacting and collaborating with your school or district’s Indigenous education staff. Many schools and districts have Indigenous support workers, teachers, cultural interpreters and elders that are available for consultation and collaboration or will be able to guide you in making local connections.


FNESC Math First Peoples

This resource was originally created for grades 8&9. It was updated in 2020 to include a broader range of grade levels and to align with our current BC Mathematics curriculum. There are many ideas for themes and approaches to the teaching and learning of mathematics that include Indigenous ways of knowing and being using authentic resources.


Indigenous Math Education Network

The K-12 Indigenous Math Education Network is based at UBC and has a collection of resources on their website. They host an annual symposium during which BC educators share projects they have been working on related to mathematics and Indigenous perspectives.


Culturally Responsive Mathematics Education Webinar Series

The Edith Lando Virtual Learning Centre at UBC, in collaboration with the Indigenous Math Education Network hosted a four-part series of webinar in 2021-2022 about Culturally Responsive Mathematics Education. They are all available for viewing here: https://indigenous.mathnetwork.educ.ubc.ca/webinars/

During the 2022-2023 school year, the series was extended to focus on assessment. The videos are currently archived on the Edith Lando site here:

But will also eventually be included on the same site as the first series.


BC Numeracy Network

On the BC Numeracy Network website, there are two pages that host a collection of resources as you consider embedding Indigenous ways of knowing and being into your designing for mathematics teaching and learning.

How do I weave the First Peoples Principles of Learning into mathematics teaching and learning?

How do I connect numeracy with community, culture, and place?

Culturally Responsive Math Webinar Series (NELSON)

Nelson Publishers hosted a series of webinars focusing on Culturally Responsive Math. The following webinar on Loom Beading was inspiration for a BC educator to try this project in BC classrooms.


The BC project was published in the BCAMT journal, Vector



Coast Metro Math Project