Phonological awareness is about hearing the different sounds that make up spoken words. This includes playing with the smallest units of sound in a word (phonemic awareness), or larger units of sound in words (rhyming, syllables and word families). Learning experiences designed to teach and practice phonological awareness are often oral language activities. However, it is also important to help students begin to make connections between the sounds they hear and the letters or groups of letters that make those sounds. Click on each of the images below to find a document with lesson and assessment ideas for each component of phonological awareness.